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Thursday, 15 August 2019 10:27

MATERIALS OF THE SIMPOSIUM “THE 1916 UPRISING IN CENTRAL ASIA: ACADEMIC INTEGRATION, NEW APPROACHES AND KNOWLEDGE”. TWENTY FORTH PUBLICATION.

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Panel 5. Memory about uprising.

Djamilya Musarova. International relations and participation of foreigners in the events of 1916 in Semirechye.

 

Abstract: The colonial authorities, the military of Turkestan and Semirechye, under conditions of weak control by the Russian government, attempted to take advantage because of the war and the decree calling the indigenous population for rear works, to enrich themselves. The uprising of 1916 had the most tragic character in the richest districts of Semirechye: Przhevalsky, Pishpek and Dzharkent, with their climatic conditions favorable for farming and cattle breeding, which attracted thousands of peasants from Russia and Chinese seasonal workers.

Trying to absolve itself of blame for the ineffective management and oppression of the indigenous population, which led to bloody events, the colonial administration of Semirechye sought the cause of the uprising in an external foreign factor. But a number of progressive Russian leaders and eyewitnesses to the events of 1916 believed that there was no external influence to uprising, and the uprising was caused by the greedy activities of representatives of the colonial authorities, the Cossacks and the new Slavic settlers.

German and Turkish agents could not freely carry out their activities in Turkestan, since here numerous bodies of the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of War competed jealously with each other in search of foreign spies and agents of influence. Although there were numerous rumors, military reports and even testimonies published in the press, many of them turned out to be false. And serious documentary evidence about the preparation and leadership of the 1916 uprising in Semirechye by the governments of Germany, Turkey or China has not yet been found.

The main directors of the internal socio-economic and political processes on this Russian outskirts were representatives of the colonial administration, anxious about the goal of personal enrichment through plunder and weaning of land from the tax-paying native population. Their activities, contrary to the interests of the Russian state, became subject to

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